A flood is an abnormal progressive rise in the water level of streams or rivers which may result in overflowing.

A flash flood is a sudden and extreme volume of water which flows rapidly and causes inundation and which, because of its nature, is difficult to forecast.

Floods may be caused by heavy rainfall, dam or levee failures, torrential rains from cyclones, tsunamis, storm surges or burst water mains, among others.

Before the Flood

  • Know the flood warning system in your community and ensure that your family knows the warnings
  • Learn all you can about the flooding
  • Monitor weather conditions
  • Keep on hand material like lumber, plywood, nails, roped, wires, plastic sheeting, sandbags, etc.
  • Keep a portable transistor radio with spare batteries and emergency equipment
  • Store all chemicals away from flood waters
  • Store livestock feed and supplies above expected water levels

During the Warning

  • Listen for emergency instructions
  • Watch for rapidly rising water
  • Store drinking water in sealed plastic containers as water service may be interrupted.
  • Move household items to higher levels
  • Get livestock to higher ground
  • Evacuate if necessary when it is safe to do so, don't move quickly.
  • Turn off electricity at the main switch before evacuating

After the Flood

  • Avoid areas subject to flash flooding
  • Don't attempt to cross rivers or flowing streams where water is above the knees.
  • Beware of water-covered roads and bridges

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